Authors have responsibility and authority for the intellectually contributing parts of the research, and the author or co-authors (including order) should accurately mark their contribution. “Inappropriate authorship” refers to a paper that does not grant the authorship of paper without justifiable reason to the person who actually contributed to the research content or results, or grant the authorship to the person who actually have not contributed.

When quoting published academic material, authors should accurately describe it, and must clearly identify its source unless it belongs to common sense. When quoting other people's writings or borrowing (referring) ideas, authors must disclose them. The readers should know which part is the result of previous research and which part is the author’s own original thinking, claim, and interpretation through these citation and/or reference indications.

Authors should endeavor to reflect the opinions of the editors and reviewers presented in the review process as much as possible, and if they disagree with these comments, write down the reasons in detail and inform the Editorial Board.


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